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Configuration

Options

How to use them see Example Code

Configuration Options

The table below summarizes the options available for the UI5 Spreadsheet Importer Component. Detailed explanations and examples for each option are provided in the linked sections.

File Handling Options

Option Description Default Details
spreadsheetFileName Defines the file name for downloads. Template.xlsx string
spreadsheetTemplateFile Use a custom template file instead of a generated one. "" object
readAllSheets Access all sheets in standalone mode. false boolean
readSheet Option to read a specific sheet or show a sheet selector. 0 number or string

UI Customization Options

Option Description Default Details
hidePreview Hide the button to preview uploaded data in the dialog. false boolean
previewColumns Define which columns to show in the preview dialog. [] string[]
showBackendErrorMessages Show backend error messages directly in the UI. false boolean
showOptions Show a menu to change configurations at runtime. false boolean

Data Processing Options

Option Description Default Details
batchSize Controls batch sizes sent to the backend server. 1000 integer
strict Controls availability of the Continue button in error dialogs. false boolean
decimalSeparator Determines the decimal separator for numbers. Browser default string
mandatoryFields Fields to check for presence in the spreadsheet. Not defined string[]
skipMandatoryFieldCheck Skip the check for mandatory fields. false boolean
skipColumnsCheck Skip check for unknown columns not in metadata. false boolean
continueOnError Continue processing next batches even after errors. false boolean

Advanced Configuration Options

Option Description Default Details
fieldMatchType Strategy for matching spreadsheet columns to fields. label string
activateDraft Activate a draft immediately if possible. false boolean
createActiveEntity Directly create an active entity in draft scenarios. false boolean
standalone Use the component in standalone mode without a linked table. false boolean
useTableSelector Choose a table to upload data to if multiple tables are present. false boolean
hideSampleData Do not add sample data to the template file. false boolean
sampleData Add custom sample data to the template file. Generated data object
debug Enable debug mode to show more console statements and logs. false boolean
componentContainerData Special options for using the component in a ComponentContainer. Not specified boolean
i18nModel Use a custom internationalization model to overwrite default texts. Not specified object

This structured layout now includes the default settings, providing complete and immediate visibility into the expected behavior of each option unless otherwise configured.

columns

default: all fields
This option defines which fields should only be taken into account during the upload.
example:

columns: ["ID", "Birthday","FirstName","LastName"],

spreadsheetFileName

default: Template.xlsx
This option defines the file name when a template is downloaded.
If not defined, the code checks if Label for OData Type defined.

tableId

This plugin first checks whether exactly one table exists on an object page. If there is no table or more than one table, an error is returned.
In case of an error, the ID of the table can be specified.
example:

tableId: "ui5.isu.msb.createmeterread::RunObjectPage--fe::table::_Ableseauftrag::LineItem-innerTable

odataType

With this option, it is possible to upload the data to a different Entity Set in the Service.
This is helpful when the service from the table is not the actual service where the data should be uploaded.

example:

odataType: com.sap.gateway.srvd.zui_mr_create_run.v0001.AbleseauftragType
odataType: Orderservice.OrdersND

mandatoryFields

The selected fields are checked to see if they are present in the Spreadsheet file. If not defined, they will not be checked.
example:

mandatoryFields: ["product_ID", "quantity"]`

fieldMatchType

default: labelTypeBrackets

Options:

  • label
  • labelTypeBrackets

In some cases, the labels of different attributes may be identical to each other.
In order to assign the correct labels and types, there is an option to make the type visible in the header.
This way, a correct assignment can be made.

Default (with label), the header columns would look like this: ID, Birthday, First Name, Last Name
With labelTypeBrackets, the header columns would look like this: ID[ID], Birthday[birth_day], First Name[FirstName], Last Name[LastName]

activateDraft

default: false

This option defines in draft scenarios whether a draft should be activated immediately or not.
The option only defines whether the attempt should be started. If a draft activation is basically not possible, it will not be executed and may lead to errors.
This is useful in a list report. If this option is set to false, all uploaded units have to be activated manually.
Will be overwritten by the createActiveEntity option.

Warning

Draft Activation for OData V2 in OpenUI5 is not supported.

createActiveEntity

default: false

This option defines whether the IsActiveEntity property should be inserted into the payload sent to the backend.
In draft scenarios, you can use this option to create an active entity instead of a draft.
Check if your backend system supports this.

ABAP Backend

There is no information about which backend OData implementation is supported, but a test with RAP on S/4HANA 2021 worked.

CAP Backend

The feature to support IsActiveEntity was introduced in @sap/cds Version 7.5.3.
https://cap.cloud.sap/docs/releases/changelog/#dec-23-added
https://cap.cloud.sap/docs/releases/archive/2023/dec23#sapui5-mass-edit

When to use activateDraft or createActiveEntity

  • activateDraft: First create a draft and then activate it in two separate requests.
  • createActiveEntity: Create an active entity directly.

If you create a draft, the determinations are not triggered in the RAP framework, for example. These are only executed when creating directly. So if you now pass "IsActiveEntity", the entity is created directly and therefore the determinations are also executed.

Of course, creating the draft entity and the subsequent activation takes longer because this is an additional network request.

Together with the option continueOnError, it is also possible to create all entities and try to activate the other entities if the draft activation fails. This means that at least all drafts are available.

batchSize

default: 1.000

Options:

  • 0 : Payload will not be divided

For large files, it is necessary to split batch requests and not to send them all at once. This batchSize option enables you to control the number of records processed in each batch request, which can help avoid memory issues and improve performance.

When the number of lines in the Spreadsheet file exceeds the specified batchSize, the payload array is divided into equal parts, with each part containing the maximum number of lines specified by the batchSize. The application then processes each part separately, sending batch requests to the backend server.

The default value is 1,000, which means that when the number of lines in the Spreadsheet file exceeds 1,000, the payload array will be divided into equal parts, and each part will be sent as a separate batch request.

If you set the batchSize to 0, the payload array will not be divided, and the entire array will be sent as a single batch request.

standalone

default: false

This option defines whether the plugin should be used in standalone mode or not.
If this option is set to true, no table is searched, and therefore no context is needed.
The mandatory parameter context and the parameter tableId are no longer necessary.

If you want to use the template download function, you have to set the parameter columns, otherwise the Download Template button will not be displayed.
The payload will be an array of objects with the keys named like the columns parameter.

Example:

this.spreadsheetUpload.attachUploadButtonPress(function (event) {
        const model = this.getModel("tableData");
        model.setData(event.getParameter("payload"));
}, this);

An example of an implementation to display data of a Spreadsheetupload in a freestyle app can be found here:

UploadToTable.controller.js
UploadToTable.view.xml

readAllSheets

default: false

This option defines whether all sheets in the Spreadsheet file should be read or not.
If this option is set to true, the payload returns an additional parameter with the sheet name.

You can access all the sheet names in the uploadButtonPress event.

this.spreadsheetUpload.attachUploadButtonPress(function (event) {
    const model = this.getModel("tableData");
    model.setData(event.getParameter("payload")); // <-- example payload
    event.preventDefault();
   }, this);

Example Payload:

[
    {
        "product_ID": {
            "rawValue": 253,
            "sheetDataType": "n",
            "format": "General",
            "formattedValue": "253",
            "sheetName": "Table1"
        },
        "username": {
            "r": "<t>testUser</t>",
            "h": "testUser",
            "rawValue": "testUser",
            "sheetDataType": "s",
            "format": "General",
            "formattedValue": "testUser",
            "sheetName": "Table1"
        }
    },
    {
        "product_ID": {
            "rawValue": 253,
            "sheetDataType": "n",
            "format": "General",
            "formattedValue": "253",
            "sheetName": "Table2"
        },
        "username": {
            "r": "<t>testUser</t>",
            "h": "testUser",
            "rawValue": "testUser",
            "sheetDataType": "s",
            "format": "General",
            "formattedValue": "testUser",
            "sheetName": "Table2"
        }
    }
]

readSheet

default: 0

By default, the first spreadsheet is read.
With this option, you can specify which spreadsheet should be read with a number (0-based) or a name.
If the name or number is not found, the first spreadsheet is read.
Or you can set the option to XXSelectorXX to show a selector dialog to choose a sheet.
If the option readAllSheets is set to true, this option is ignored.

  • 0 : First Sheet
  • 1 : Second Sheet
  • Order : Sheet with the name Order
  • Items : Sheet with the name Items
  • XXSelectorXX : Selector Dialog to choose a sheet

strict

default: false

When strict is set to its default value (false), the "Continue" button is displayed in the error dialog, allowing users to proceed despite encountering errors in the uploaded data.

This option defines whether the "Continue" button should be displayed in the error dialog or not. When set to true, the "Continue" button will not be displayed, and users must resolve the errors before proceeding with the next steps in the application.

decimalSeparator

default: Browser Default

This option defines the decimal separator for numbers as a string.
This option is only needed if there are numbers as strings in the Spreadsheet File or when importing a CSV. When the datatype in the Spreadsheet File is a number, the decimal separator is automatically recognized.

hidePreview

default: false

This option defines whether the button to preview the uploaded data in the table dialog should be hidden or not.

previewColumns

default: []

This option defines which columns should be shown in the preview dialog. This is an array of strings with the property names.

skipMandatoryFieldCheck

default: false

This option defines whether the mandatory fields defined in the metadata should be checked or not.
Only the option mandatoryFields will be checked.

skipColumnsCheck

default: false

This option determines whether or not the columns in the Spreadsheet File should be verified.
For instance, if there is a column named Test column in the Spreadsheet File, and this particular column name is absent from the metadata, an error will occur by default.
However, if there are columns that are not being uploaded to the backend, you can configure this option to true in order to bypass the verification process.

skipMaxLengthCheck

default: false

This option determines whether or not the max length of the columns in the Spreadsheet File should be verified.
If there is a maxLength defined in the metadata, the value in the Spreadsheet File will be checked.

showBackendErrorMessages

default: false

This option defines whether backend error messages should be displayed or not.
In Fiori Elements scenarios, the error messages are displayed automatically. In FreeStyle scenarios, the error messages are not displayed automatically.
If this option is set to false, only the error message Error while uploading data will be displayed.

showOptions

default: false

This option defines whether the button to show the options dialog should be displayed or not.
Currently, the menu is more for the development process. Later, this should also be able to be used by the user.
There are also only a few selected configurations available.

availableOptions

default: []

Available Options

  • strict
  • fieldMatchType
  • decimalSeperator

This Option defines which option the user can influence.

hideSampleData

default: false

This option defines whether the template file should be empty and not have any sample data.
This will overwrite the sampleData option.

sampleData

default: Using generated sample data

This option defines the sample data that is displayed in the template file.
If no sample data is defined, the sample data is generated automatically.
Add an object array using the property names as attributes.
Only sample data will be visible in the template file, no other generated data.

Example:

sampleData: [
        {
            product_ID: "HT-1000",
            quantity: 1,
            title: "Notebook Basic 15",
            price: 956,
            validFrom: new Date(),
            timestamp: new Date(),
            date: new Date(),
            time: new Date(),
            boolean: true,
            decimal: "1.1"
        }
    ]

spreadsheetTemplateFile

default: ""

possible values:

  • local file in the application
  • URL to file
  • ArrayBuffer

By default, the template is generated with all properties or those defined in the columns option.
If you want to use your own template file, you can use this option to add columns that are not being uploaded to the backend.
It is recommended to use the skipColumnsCheck option in this case; otherwise, you will get errors.

For the local file or URL, the filename is used for the download. The config spreadsheetFileName will overwrite this.
The config spreadsheetFileName will be used for ArrayBuffer value.

Example:

local file in the application

It will use sap.ui.require.toUrl to get the file. So make sure use the correct path, including the namespace of your application.
Here the namespace is ui.v4.ordersv4fe, and the file is located in the webapp/ext folder.

spreadsheetTemplateFile: "ui/v4/ordersv4fe/ext/ListReportOrdersTemplate.xlsx"

URL to file

spreadsheetTemplateFile: "https://example.com/ListReportOrdersTemplate.xlsx"

ArrayBuffer

const path = "https://example.com/ListReportOrdersTemplate.xlsx";

const response = await fetch(sPath);
if (!response.ok) {
    throw new Error("Network response was not ok " + response.statusText);
}
const arrayBuffer = await response.arrayBuffer();

// prettier-ignore
this.spreadsheetUpload = await this.editFlow.getView()
        .getController()
        .getAppComponent()
        .createComponent({
            usage: "spreadsheetImporter",
            async: true,
            componentData: {
                context: this,
                spreadsheetTemplateFile: arrayBuffer
            }
        });

useTableSelector

default: false

This option defines whether the Table Selector should be used or not.
If set to true and multiple tables in the view, the user can choose the table to upload the data to.
It is also possible to set different options for each table (see TableSelector)

spreadsheetRowPropertyName

If you want to send the spreadsheet row to the backend, you can define a property name here.
When the property name is defined, the payload will include the spreadsheet row as an integer with the defined property name.

componentContainerData

The ComponentContainer is a special control that can be used to embed the spreadsheet importer in a view without the need to instantiate it in the controller.
These are special options that can be used in the ComponentContainer.

Configuration

For the event, the method from your view controller is attached to the event.

Option Description Details
buttonText Text to be displayed on the button string
uploadButtonPress Event after the upload button is pressed string
changeBeforeCreate Event before data sent to the backend string
checkBeforeRead Event before data is uploaded to the app string

Example

The method name in my controller belongs to the view and is called uploadButtonPress.

<core:ComponentContainer width="100%" 
usage="spreadsheetImporter" propagateModel="true" async="true" 
settings="{
  standalone:true,
  columns: ['product_ID', 'username'],
  componentContainerData:{
    uploadButtonPress:'uploadButtonPress',
    buttonText:'Excel Upload'
    }
  }" />

i18nModel

You can use your own i18n model to overwrite texts.

You can see all the available texts in the i18n files.

You don't have to overwrite all texts, only the ones you want to change. If you don't overwrite a text, the default text will be used.

Example:

this.spreadsheetUpload = await this.editFlow.getView()
                    .getController()
                    .getAppComponent()
                    .createComponent({
                        usage: "spreadsheetImporter",
                        async: true,
                        componentData: {
                            context: this,
                            i18nModel: this.getModel("i18n")
                        }
                    });

continueOnError

default: false

This option defines whether the batch processing should continue if an error occurs.
If you have, for example, set batchSize to 2 and have 4 rows, and an error occurs in the first batch of two rows, the processing will stop. If you set this flag to true, the processing will continue, and the second batch of two rows will be processed.
This may lead to errors in the backend because the first batch of two rows was not processed correctly.
Use this option with caution.

debug

default: false

This option defines whether the debug mode should be activated or not.
If set to true, it will set the log level to debug (Log.Level.DEBUG) and activate the options menu with all available options.

Example Code

All options

You can assign all the options when creating the component.

this.spreadsheetUpload = await this.getView().getController().getAppComponent().createComponent({
    usage: "spreadsheetImporter",
    async: true,
    componentData: {
        context: this,
        tableId: "ui.v4.ordersv4fe::OrdersObjectPage--fe::table::Items::LineItem-innerTable",
        columns: ["product_ID", "quantity", "title", "price", "validFrom", "timestamp", "date", "time", "boolean", "decimal"],
        mandatoryFields: ["product_ID", "quantity"],
        spreadsheetFileName: "Test.xlsx",
        odataType: "com.sap.gateway.srvd.zui_mr_create_run.v0001.AbleseauftragType",
        fieldMatchType: "label",
        activateDraft: false,
        batchSize: 1000,
        standalone: false,
        strict: false,
        decimalSeparator: ",",
        hidePreview: false,
        skipMandatoryFieldCheck: false,
        showBackendErrorMessages: false,
        showOptions: false,
        availableOptions: ["strict", "fieldMatchType", "decimalSeperator"],
        hideSampleData: false,
        debug: false
    }
});

Change options after creating the component

You can also change the options after creating the component or pass them to the openSpreadsheetUploadDialog method.

const options = {
    context: this,
    tableId: "ui.v4.ordersv4fe::OrdersObjectPage--fe::table::Shipping::LineItem-innerTable"
   }
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping = await this.editFlow.getView()
    .getController()
    .getAppComponent()
    .createComponent({
    usage: "spreadsheetImporter",
    async: true
    });
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping.setBatchSize(500)
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping.openSpreadsheetUploadDialog(options);

You can also just change a subset of the options or overwrite them.

const options = {
    tableId: "ui.v4.ordersv4fe::OrdersObjectPage--fe::table::Shipping::LineItem-innerTable",
    hidePreview: true,
    skipMandatoryFieldCheck: true
   }
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping = await this.editFlow.getView()
    .getController()
    .getAppComponent()
    .createComponent({
    usage: "spreadsheetImporter",
    async: true,
    componentData: {
    context: this,
    hidePreview: false
}
    });
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping.setBatchSize(500)
this.spreadsheetUploadTableShipping.openSpreadsheetUploadDialog(options);